A guide to resources for teaching math skills to students in grades K - 5 in the Madison (WI) Metropolitan School District

**solving problems** whether the context is familiar or unfamiliar. They should construct models to **represent** their understanding of the problem. They must **communicate** their thinking steps and mathematical ideas clearly. They need to **reason** about the accuracy of their solutions and convince themselves of the reasonableness of their answers. They must seek patterns and make conjectures about those patterns. They have to expect to **make connections** within and across content strands. Today's students need to develop proficiencies in using all five processes in order to think mathematically. (from *Learning Mathematics in the Primary Grades*, Madison Metropolitan School District, 2006)